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    • ACL 2018
      Roy Schwartz, Sam Thomson and Noah A. Smith
      Recurrent and convolutional neural networks comprise two distinct families of models that have proven to be useful for encoding natural language utterances. In this paper we present SoPa, a new model that aims to bridge these two approaches. SoPa combines neural representation learning with…  (More)
    • CVPR 2018
      Jonghyun Choi, Jayant Krishnamurthy, Aniruddha Kembhavi, Ali Farhadi
      Diagrams often depict complex phenomena and serve as a good test bed for visual and textual reasoning. However, understanding diagrams using natural image understanding approaches requires large training datasets of diagrams, which are very hard to obtain. Instead, this can be addressed as a…  (More)
    • CVPR 2018
      Kiana Ehsani, Hessam Bagherinezhad, Joe Redmon, Roozbeh Mottaghi, Ali Farhadi
      We study the task of directly modelling a visually intelligent agent. Computer vision typically focuses on solving various subtasks related to visual intelligence. We depart from this standard approach to computer vision; instead we directly model a visually intelligent agent. Our model takes…  (More)
    • CVPR 2018
      Kiana Ehsani, Roozbeh Mottaghi, Ali Farhadi
      Objects often occlude each other in scenes; Inferring their appearance beyond their visible parts plays an important role in scene understanding, depth estimation, object interaction and manipulation. In this paper, we study the challenging problem of completing the appearance of occluded objects…  (More)
    • CVPR 2018
      Rowan Zellers, Mark Yatskar, Sam Thomson, Yejin Choi
      We investigate the problem of producing structured graph representations of visual scenes. Our work analyzes the role of motifs: regularly appearing substructures in scene graphs. We present new quantitative insights on such repeated structures in the Visual Genome dataset. Our analysis shows that…  (More)
    • NAACL 2018
      Po-Sen Huang, Chenglong Wang, Rishabh Singh, Wen-tau Yih, Xiaodong He
      In conventional supervised training, a model is trained to fit all the training examples. However, having a monolithic model may not always be the best strategy, as examples could vary widely. In this work, we explore a different learning protocol that treats each example as a unique pseudo-task…  (More)
    • NAACL 2018
      Asli Celikyilmaz, Antoine Bosselut, Xiaodong He and Yejin Choi
      We present deep communicating agents in an encoder-decoder architecture to address the challenges of representing a long document for abstractive summarization. With deep communicating agents, the task of encoding a long text is divided across multiple collaborating agents, each in charge of a…  (More)
    • NAACL 2018
      Antoine Bosselut, Asli Celikyilmaz, Xiaodong He, Jianfeng Gao, Po-Sen Huang and Yejin Choi
      In this paper, we investigate the use of discourse-aware rewards with reinforcement learning to guide a model to generate long, coherent text. In particular, we propose to learn neural rewards to model cross-sentence ordering as a means to approximate desired discourse structure. Empirical results…  (More)
    • NAACL 2018
      Marjan Ghazvininejad, Yejin Choi and Kevin Knight
      We present the first neural poetry translation system. Unlike previous works that often fail to produce any translation for fixed rhyme and rhythm patterns, our system always translates a source text to an English poem. Human evaluation ranks translation quality as acceptable 78.2% of the time.
    • WSDM 2018
      Sreyasi Nag Chowdhury, Niket Tandon, Hakan Ferhatosmanoglu, Gerhard Weikum
      The social media explosion has populated the Internet with a wealth of images. There are two existing paradigms for image retrieval: 1)content-based image retrieval (BIR), which has traditionally used visual features for similarity search (e.g., SIFT features), and 2) tag-based image retrieval…  (More)
    • JCDL 2018
      Noah Siegel, Nicholas Lourie, Russell Power and Waleed Ammar
      Non-textual components such as charts, diagrams and tables provide key information in many scientific documents, but the lack of large labeled datasets has impeded the development of data-driven methods for scientific figure extraction. In this paper, we induce high-quality training labels for the…  (More)
    • ACL • Proceedings of the BioNLP 2018 Workshop 2018
      Lucy L. Wang, Chandra Bhagavatula, M. Neumann, Kyle Lo, Chris Wilhelm, Waleed Ammar
      Ontology alignment is the task of identifying semantically equivalent entities from two given ontologies. Different ontologies have different representations of the same entity, resulting in a need to de-duplicate entities when merging ontologies. We propose a method for enriching entities in an…  (More)
    • NAACL-HTL 2018
      Hao Fang, Hao Cheng, Maarten Sap, Elizabeth Clark, Ari Holtzman, Yejin Choi, Noah A. Smith, and Mari Ostendorf
      We present Sounding Board, a social chatbot that won the 2017 Amazon Alexa Prize. The system architecture consists of several components including spoken language processing, dialogue management, language generation, and content management, with emphasis on user-centric and content-driven design…  (More)
    • ICLR 2018 Podcast
      Antoine Bosselut, Omer Levy, Ari Holtzman, Corin Ennis, Dieter Fox, and Yejin Choi
      Understanding procedural language requires anticipating the causal effects of actions, even when they are not explicitly stated. In this work, we introduce Neural Process Networks to understand procedural text through (neural) simulation of action dynamics. Our model complements existing memory…  (More)
    • TACL 2018
      Hanie Sedghi and Ashish Sabharwal
      Given a knowledge base or KB containing (noisy) facts about common nouns or generics, such as "all trees produce oxygen" or "some animals live in forests", we consider the problem of inferring additional such facts at a precision similar to that of the starting KB. Such KBs capture general…  (More)
    • arXiv 2018
      Peter Clark, Isaac Cowhey, Oren Etzioni, Tushar Khot, Ashish Sabharwal, Carissa Schoenick, Oyvind Tafjord
      We present a new question set, text corpus, and baselines assembled to encourage AI research in advanced question answering. Together, these constitute the AI2 Reasoning Challenge (ARC), which requires far more powerful knowledge and reasoning than previous challenges such as SQuAD or SNLI. The ARC…  (More)
    • AAAI 2018
      Tushar Khot, Ashish Sabharwal, and Peter Clark
      We present a new dataset and model for textual entailment, derived from treating multiple-choice question-answering as an entailment problem. SCITAIL is the first entailment set that is created solely from natural sentences that already exist independently "in the wild" rather than sentences…  (More)
    • AAAI 2018
      Daniel Khashabi, Tushar Khot, Ashish Sabharwal, and Dan Roth
      We propose a novel method for exploiting the semantic structure of text to answer multiple-choice questions. The approach is especially suitable for domains that require reasoning over a diverse set of linguistic constructs but have limited training data. To address these challenges, we present the…  (More)
    • AAAI 2018
      Jonathan Kuck, Ashish Sabharwal, and Stefano Ermon
      Rademacher complexity is often used to characterize the learnability of a hypothesis class and is known to be related to the class size. We leverage this observation and introduce a new technique for estimating the size of an arbitrary weighted set, defined as the sum of weights of all elements in…  (More)
    • AAAI 2018
      Yonatan Bisk, Kevin J. Shih, Yejin Choi, and Daniel Marcu
      In this paper, we study the problem of mapping natural language instructions to complex spatial actions in a 3D blocks world. We first introduce a new dataset that pairs complex 3D spatial operations to rich natural language descriptions that require complex spatial and pragmatic interpretations…  (More)